For a permanent residency card (Green Card) in this category an investor must invest a minimum of 1 million dollars in a US company and create a minimum of 10 full-time jobs in the United States. However, an investor may contribute the capital to the certain Regional Centers, with high unemployed rates, where the minimal investment is $500,000.
The Immigrant Investor Pilot Program was created in October 1992, in accordance to a Congressional mandate for the purpose of stimulating economic activity and job growth, while allowing eligible aliens the opportunity to become lawful permanent residents.
A Regional Center is defined by any economic unit, public or private, engaged in the promotion of economic growth, improved regional productivity, job creation and increased domestic capital investment. The individual receiving the visa is not required to actively manage the business invested in.
The individuals who would prefer a passive role in the management of their investment, do not wish to be involved in the creation of the 10 U.S. full time jobs, and would rather limit their investment to $500,000 USD, may opt for the Regional Center investment. These programs are offered in various areas such as real estate, healthcare, infrastructure, agriculture, sports facilities and many other projects all over the US.
For investors, who wish to invest in a new or existing business, have an active role in the management of the operation, and have at least one million US dollars to invest, then the traditional EB-5 visa is the best option.